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Because the a non-linguist, I am confused about the idea of situation

What exactly is its definition, due to the fact linguists utilize it? Could it be concerning variations that nouns/pronouns can take? Is it concerning function of the newest noun regarding the phrase?

Eg, into the Progressive Greek, this new finish of nouns transform into circumstances. Various other nouns age instance even in the event, so « case » isn’t only on form (new ending), and from the meaning.

In English, endings dont changes. English is said to not have instances. But of course English can display a similar significance, although this can be noted in other suggests than that have endings, elizabeth.g. having fun with prepositions otherwise term acquisition.

Hungarian is said having most cases, however, as the an indigenous speaker, Really don’t see the difference between the brand new suffixes utilized by Hungarian additionally the prepositions utilized by English. One arrives before the word, others comes after, but if not they express the same sorts of definition. In languages, he has a comparable form aside from https://datingranking.net/fr/rencontres-adventiste/ and this word they truly are put with. (Is real, in the Hungarian the latest endings change some so you’re able to esteem vowel harmony. But this is simply not comparable to the latest extremely other endings you to Greek ways to use exactly the same case.)

Within the Romanian universities, it’s taught you to Romanian keeps five instances. Although not, there is absolutely no change whatsoever amongst the style of nouns throughout the nominative/accusative and you may dative/genitive pairs. Whenever schoolchildren is actually asked to determine instances when you look at the practise, the brand new difference in such sets is done centered on definition (which can be deduced e.grams. regarding keyword acquisition) and never brand new finish/sorts of nouns. New « case » failed to feel understood should your noun just weren’t part of a phrase.

Could there be an accurate and you may universal concept of case in the linguistics, or perhaps is it simply an expression off convenience that is used in different ways to different languages?

cuatro Solutions 4

Discover multiple significance of situation, however the differences in traditional terms anywhere between dialects plus just have too much to perform with different lifestyle getting teaching sentence structure.

Morphological situation

The original idea of « case » dates back to Greek and you can Latin old-fashioned sentence structure. Contained in this perspective, it is strongly connected to the notion of an effective noun’s (otherwise an enthusiastic adjective’s, as the adjectives was basically believed a variety of noun) declension otherwise inflectional paradigm. An effective paradigm shall be visualized once the a table which has had various other inflected forms of a keyword.

As the thought of « inflection » (in the place of derivation) has many complications of its individual, more often than not it is pretty easy, very I’m merely planning to assume contained in this answer you to definitely we’re accepting the concept one « inflection » was a meaningful term. Inflection is recognized as being a kind of morphology, whilst options between additional inflected kinds of a keyword is actually have a tendency to conditioned of the syntactic environment. A common occurrence from inside the morphology is syncretism, and that’s thought of in this situation because a beneficial situtation the spot where the inflectional paradigm away from a word has type of however, formally similar models. Age.grams. in English, particular nouns have similar one and you may plural versions (deer, sheep) and many verbs enjoys identical earlier in the day and provide versions (strike, shed).

You could potentially generally speaking render synchronic evidence to have syncretism from the thinking about all round morphological program out-of a language and enjoying in the event that some terms and conditions let you know distinctive line of versions, even if anyone else never. Such, in the Latin, there are certain 3rd-declension nouns ending in -is through similar nominative and you may genitive models on the only one (age.g. collis, collis m. ‘hill’) however, many almost every other nouns enjoys some other nominative and genitive forms for the new one (age.g. puer, pueri, m. ‘boy’ and you may puella, puellae, f. ‘girl’). Which constitutes proof that Latin morphology overall has an effective nominative-genitive difference, whether or not not all terms possess collection of nominative and genitive versions.